Author Archive

Wiig, Ø., Henrichsen, P., Sjøvold, T., Born, E.W., Dietz, R., Sonne, C.,  and Aars, J. (2019). Variation in non-metrical skull traits of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) and relationships across East Greenland and adjacent subpopulations (1830–2013). Polar Biology 42:3, 461-474. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00300-018-2435-x

The 2018 Ocean Sciences Meeting (OSM), co-sponsored by the American Geophysical Union (AGU), the Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography (ASLO), and The Oceanography Society (TOS), will be held 11–16 February, in Portland, Oregon. Some of the members of PSC will join their colleagues from the University of Washington and other institutions to present and discuss their latest marine science research endeavors.

APL-UW has produced a video with Harry Stern and his research of the Arctic ice edge that incorporated logs and maps of Captain James Cook’s polar expedition among other early explorers.

Popular Science reported on Harry Stern’s research paper which analyzed observations recorded by the earliest explorers of the Northwest Passage in correlation to the current trend in sea ice.

The International Journal of Remote Sensing has published a study by Ben Hudson and his UC colleagues which assessed turbid water detection and cloud mask performance of NASA’s Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) MOD35_L2 cloud mask.

UW News talks to PSC’s Laura Kehrl about a recently published study identifying a locale in #Antarctica that may provide a continuous ice core record of the last 1 million yrs. The research team, which included members from UW and UMaine, used ice‐penetrating radar and an ice flow model to map the promising region. Kehrl is the corresponding author for the study published in AGU’s Geophysical Research Letters. Read on to learn how the team conducted their fieldwork…

Knut Aagaard

Principal Oceanographer- Retiree

Professor Emeritus, Oceanography

PSC members join their colleagues and peers at the AGU 2015 Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California.

PSC members join their colleagues and peers at the AGU 2016 Fall Meeting in San Francisco, California.

 

PSC members join their colleagues and peers at the AGU 2017 Fall Meeting in New Orleans, Louisiana.

PSC members join their colleagues and peers at the AGU Fall Meeting 2018 in Washington DC. 

Trending:  The article, Loitering of the retreating sea ice edge in the Arctic Seas, in JGR Oceans, is one of the most accessed in the past 3 months. Congrats to the authors; PSC’s Mike Steele and Wendy Ermold!

April 1, 2019 – TODAY Show host, Al Roker, traveled to Utqiagvik, Alaska to report on climate change. Al talks with PSC’s Ignatius Rigor about his research and the technology being used to gather data.

Alkire, M.B., J. Morison, A. Schweiger, J. Zhang, M. Steele, C. Peralta-Ferriz, and S. Dickinson (2017). A meteoric water budget for the Arctic Ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, doi:10.1002/2017JC012807.

UW Today highlights the latest article, by PSC’s Harry Stern and Kristin Laidre, published in The Cryosphere. Other media sources reporting the study are The Seattle TimesScience DailyThe Washington PostMashable, and Nature.com

Roger Andersen

Senior Mathematician

NASA climate scientists report that Antarctica has gained ice in the form of snow accumulation. This study was recently published in the Journal of Glaciology and reporters have sought comments from their peers at the Polar Science Center.

Results of a recent long-term and large-scale simulation of the collapse of the Western Antarctic Ice Sheet (WAIS) show that the destabilization of the entire ice sheet would be irreversible if current conditions don’t change by 2075.

Science Daily reports on a study recently published in Geophysical Research Letters where satellite measurements assessed glacier flow in the Antarctic Peninsula. PSC’s Ian Joughin was part of an international team of researchers, led by the UK Centre for Polar Observation and Modelling at the University of Leeds, and is one of the co-authors.

Kristin Laidre presented the fourth seminar in the APL-UW 75th Anniversary series, “The Polar Science Center From Ice Dynamics to Polar Bears.” 

Eurasia Review reports on the results of the lengthy study of beluga whale migration led by PSC and published in the journal Global Change Biology. The news post includes previous comments by some of the authors, Donna Hauser and Kate Stafford.

In mid-September Arctic sea ice reaches its minimum extent and volume. There are annual fluctuations — 2012 was a record low for both measures — but reports of a recent ‘rebound’ are short-sighted. Axel Schweiger explains why the downward long-term trend is clear.

The University of Washington news produced a video with the Polar Science Center highlighting a six-year study of Beluga whale populations. Donna HauserKristin Laidre, and Harry Stern participated from PSC.

Armour K.C., Marshall, J., Scott, J., Donohoe, A., and Newsom, E.R.  (2016) Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport, Nature Geoscience, 9, 549–554, doi: 10.1038/ngeo2731

Armour, K.C., N. Siler, A. Donohoe, and G.H. Roe, 2019: Meridional Atmospheric Heat Transport Constrained by Energetics and Mediated by Large-Scale Diffusion. J. Climate, 32, 3655–3680, https://doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-18-0563.1

Avoiding slush for hot-point drilling of glacier boreholesHill’s, B.H., D.P. Winebrenner, W.T. Elam, and P.M.S. Kintner, “Avoiding slush for hot-point drilling of glacier boreholes,” Ann. Glaciol., 62, 166-170, doi:10.1017/a0g.2020.70, 2021.Water-filled boreholes in cold ice refreeze in hours to days, and prior attempts to keep them open with antifreeze resulted in a plug of slush effectively freezing the hole even faster. Thus, antifreeze as a method to stabilize hot-water boreholes has largely been abandoned. In the hot-point drilling case, no external water is added to the hole during drilling, so earlier antifreeze injection is possible while the drill continues melting downward.…

Banas, N. S., J. Zhang, R. G. Campbell, R. N. Sambrotto, M. W. Lomas, E. Sherr, B. Sherr, C. Ashjian, D. Stoecker, and E. J. Lessard, Spring plankton dynamics in the Eastern Bering Sea, 1971-2050: Mechanisms of interannual variability diagnosed with a numerical model, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, doi:10.1002/2015JC011449, 2016.

Beamer, J. P., D. F. Hill, A. Arendt, and G. E. Liston (2016), High-resolution modeling of coastal freshwater discharge and glacier mass balance in the Gulf of Alaska watershed, Water Resour. Res., 52, 3888–3909, doi:10.1002/2015WR018457.

PSC’s Kristin Laidre lends her expertise to a CBC News story of a juvenile narwhal adopted by a pod of Beluga whales in the St. Lawrence River.

Donna Hauser participated in the analysis of beluga whales in the western Beaufort Sea. Temporally and spatially diverse data sets which included aerial survey, passive acoustic, and satellite tracking data were synthesized to gain baseline information and a more holistic understanding of beluga distribution. Read about the project published in Deep Sea Research.

The news source International Business Times, out of the UK, reports on findings recently published in Global Change Biology of a decades-long research study involving Beluga whales. Donna HauserKristin Laidre, Harry Stern and colleagues examined changes in autumn migration timing of Beluga whale populations since the 1990s.

Bi, H., J. Zhang, Y. Wang, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhang, M. Fu, H. Huang, and X. Xu, Arctic Sea Ice Volume Changes in Terms of Age as Revealed From Satellite Observations, IEEE Geoscience & Remote Sensing Society, DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2018.2823735, 2018.

Bieniek, P. A., U. S. Bhatt, D. A. Walker, M. K. Raynolds, J. C. Comiso, H. E. Epstein, J. E. Pinzon, C. J. Tucker, R. L. Thoman, H. Tran, N. Mölders, M. Steele, J. Zhang, and W. Ermold, Climate drivers linked to changing seasonality of Alaska coastal tundra vegetation productivity. Earth Interactions, 19, No. 19, 2015.

Bieniek, P., U. Bhatt, D. Walker, M. Raynolds, J. Comiso, H. Epstein, J. Pinzon, C. Tucker, R. Thoman, H. Tran, N. Mölders, M. Steele, J. Zhang, and W. Ermold, The role of climate drivers in the seasonality of Alaska coastal tundra vegetation change, Earth Interactions, doi:10.1175/EI-D-15-0013.1, 2015.

This project devises low-temperature liquid-water environments mimicking the known chemistry of brines. The research team measures microbial growth rate, metabolic activity, ability to survive while inactive, and longevity for psychrophiles to reveal proteomic biosignatures for growth, activity, and survival strategies, and understand key molecular responses of life in these environments.

Taryn Black

Research Assistant

Blanchard-Wrigglesworth, E., R. I. Cullather, W. Wang, J. Zhang, and C. M. Bitz, Model forecast skill and sensitivity to initial conditions in the seasonal Sea Ice Outlook, Geophys. Res. Lett., 42, 8042-8048, doi:10.1002/2015GL0658, 2015.

Braund, S. R., P. B. Lawrence, E. G. Sears, R. K. Schraer, E. V. Regehr, B. Adams, R. T. Hepa, J. C. George, and A. L. V. Duyke. 2018. Polar Bear TEK: A Pilot Study to Inform Polar Bear Management Models. North Slope Borough Department of Wildlife Management, Research Report NSB.DWM.RR.2018-01. Utqiaġvik, Alaska USA.

Bromaghin, J. F., T. L. McDonald, I. Stirling, A. E. Derocher, E. S. Richardson, E. V. Regehr, D. C. Douglas, G. M. Durner, T. Atwood, and S. C. Amstrup. 2015. Polar bear population dynamics in the southern Beaufort Sea during a period of sea ice decline. Ecological Applications 25:634-651. DOI: 10.1890/14-1129.1

Cape, M.R., M. Vernet, M. Kahru, and G. Spreen (2014), Polynya dynamics drive primary production in the Larsen A and B embayments following ice-shelf collapse, J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 119, 572–594, doi:10.1002/2013JC009441.

Cape, M. R., M. Vernet, P. Skvarca, S. Marinsek, T. Scambos, and E. Domack (2015), Foehn winds link climate-driven warming to ice shelf evolution in Antarctica, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, 11,037–11,057, doi:10.1002/2015JD023465.

Carns, R. C., Light, B. and Warren, S. G. (2016), The spectral albedo of sea ice and salt crusts on the tropical ocean of Snowball Earth: II. Optical modeling. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, doi:10.1002/2016JC011804

Carns, R. C., R. E. Brandt, and S. G. Warren (2015), Salt precipitation in sea ice and its effect on albedo, with application to Snowball Earth, J. Geophys. Res. Ocean., 120(3), 2370–2384, doi:10.1002/2014JC010516.

Congratulations to Cecilia, who was chosen to participate in the U.S. Fulbright Scholar program. She will spend 9 months in Norway (from mid-August 2017 to mid-May 2018) doing oceanographic research at the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI) in Tromsø, and at the University Centre in Svalbard (UNIS) in Longyearbyen. 

Chambault, P., C. Moesgaard Albertsen, T. A. Patterson, R. G. Hansen, O. Tervo, K. L. Laidre & M. P. Heide-Jørgensen. 2018. Sea surface temperature predicts the movements of an Arctic cetacean: the bowhead whale. Scientific Reports 8:9658. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-27966

Yu-Chan Chao

Administrator

Third Pod from the Sun, the American Geophysical Union’s podcast, kicks off the month of March with PSC’s Kristin Laidre.

E. Ciracì, I. Velicogna and T. C. Sutterley. Mass Balance of Novaya Zemlya Archipelago, Russian High Arctic, Using Time-Variable Gravity from GRACE and Altimetry Data from ICESat and CryoSat-2. Remote Sensing, 10(11): 1817, 2018. https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/10/11/1817

Ben Cohen

Data Analyst

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