Posts Tagged «2004»

Bitz, C.M., and G.H. Roe,’ An Explanation for the High Rate of Sea-ice Thinning in the Arctic Ocean’, J. Climate, 17, 3622-31, 2004.

Foldvik, A., T. Gammelsrod, S. Østerhus, E. Fahrback, G. Rohardt, M. Schroder, K.W. Nicholls, L. Padman, and R.A. Woodgate,’ Ice shelf water overflow and bottom water formation in the southern Weddell Sea’, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C02015, 10.1029/2003JC002008, 2004.

Heide-Jørgensen M. P. and K. L. Laidre. 2004. Declining open water refugia for top predators in Baffin Bay and adjacent waters. Ambio 33(8): 488-495.

Joughin, I., D.R. MacAyeal, and S. Tulaczyk,’ Basal shear stress of the Ross ice streams from control method inversions’, J. Geophys. Res., 109, B09405, 10.1029/2003JB002960, 2004.

Joughin, I., S. Tulaczyk, D.R. MacAyeal, and H. Engelhardt,’ Melting and freezing beneath the Ross ice streams, Antarctica’, J. Glaciol., 50, 96-108, 2004.

Joughin, I., W. Abdalati, and M. Fahnestock,’ Large fluctuations in speed on Greenland’s Jakobshavn Isbrae glacier’, Nature, 432, 608-610, 2004.

Junge, K., H. Eicken, and J. W. Deming. “Bacterial activity at -20°C in Arctic wintertime sea ice“. Appl. Environ. 70: 550-557, 2004.

Junge, K., H. Eicken, and J. W. Deming. A Microscopic Approach to Investigate Bacteria under In-Situ Conditions in Arctic Lake Ice: Initial Comparisons to Sea Ice. In Bioastronomy 2002: Life Amongst the Stars IAU Symposium 213, eds. R. Norris and F. Stootman. Astronomical Society of the Pacific, San Francisco: 381-388, 2004.

Laidre K. L., M. P. Heide-Jørgensen, M. L. Logdson, R. C. Hobbs, P. Heagerty, R. Dietz, O. A. Jørgensen, and M. A. Treble. 2004. Seasonal narwhal habitat associations in the high Arctic. Marine Biology 145:821-831.

Laidre K. L., M. P. Heide-Jørgensen, O. A. Jørgensen, and M. A. Treble. 2004. Deep ocean predation by a high Arctic cetacean. ICES Journal of Marine Science 61(3): 430-440.

Laidre K. L., M. P. Heide-Jørgensen, M. L. Lodgson, R. C. Hobbs, R. Dietz, and G. R. VanBlaricom. 2004. Fractal analysis of narwhal space use patterns. Zoology 107(1): 3-11.

Light, B., G.A. Maykut, and T.C. Grenfell,’ A temperature-dependent, structural-optical model of first-year sea ice’, J. Geophys. Res., 109, 10.1029/2003JC002164, 2004.

Lindsay, R.W., and H.L. Stern, “A new Lagrangian model of Arctic sea ice“, J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 272-283, 2004.

Lindsay, R. W.,’ Climatic Oscillations’, in The Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Lindsay, R. W.,’ Energy Balance’, in The Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Lindsay, R.W., D.M. Holland, and R.A. Woodgate, “Halo of low ice concentration observed over the Maud Rise seamount“, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, 10.1029/2004GL019831, 2004.

Marsan, D., H. Stern, R. Lindsay, and J. Weiss, “Scale dependence and localization of the deformation of arctic sea ice“, Phys. Rev. Lett., 93, 17, 2004.

Pfirman, S., W.F. Haxby, R. Colony, and I. Rigor,’ Variability in Arctic Sea Ice Drift’, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 31, doi :10.1029 /2004GL020063, 2004.

Rigor, I.G.,’ Arctic meteorological stations’, Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Rigor, I.G.,’ Laptev Sea’, Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Rigor, I.G.,’ Sea ice’, Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Rigor, I.G., and J.M. Wallace,’ Variations in the age of Arctic sea-ice and summer sea-ice extent’, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L09401, 10.1029/2004GL019492, 2004.

Rigor, I.G. and J.M. Wallace, Variations in the Age of Sea Ice and Summer Sea Ice Extent, Geophys. Res. Lett., v. 31, doi:10.1029/2004GL019492, 2004.

Schmidt, G.A., C.M. Bitz, U. Mikolajewicz, and L.B. Tremblay, “Ice-ocean boundary conditions for coupled models“, Ocean Modelling, 7, 59-74, 2004.

Schweiger, A.J., “Changes in seasonal cloud cover over the Arctic seas from satellite and surface observations“, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, 10.1029/2004GL020067, 2004.

Seegert, M.J., B. Welch, D. Morse, A. Vieli, D.D. Blankenship, I. Joughin, E.C. King, G. Vieli, A.J. Payne, and R. Jacobel,’ Ice flow direction change in interior West Antarctica’, Science, 305, 1948-1951, 2004.

Siegert, M. J., R. Hindmarsh, H. Corr, A. Smith, J. Woodward, E. C. King, A. J. Payne, and I. Joughin, Subglacial Lake Ellsworth: A candidate for in situ exploration in West Antarctica, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31(23), 2004.

Steele, M., J. Morison, W. Ermold, I. Rigor, M. Ortmeyer and K. Shimada, “Circulation of summer Pacific halocline water in the Arctic Ocean“, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C02027, 10.1029/2003JC002009, 2004.

Steele, M.,’ The cold halocine’, Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Steele, M., and W. Ermold, “Salinity trends on the Siberian shelves“, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L24308, 10.1029/2004GL021302, 2004.

Steiner, N., G. Holloway, R. Gerdes, S. Hakkinen, D. Holland, M. Karcher, F. Kauker, W. Maslowski, A. Proshutinsky, M. Steele, and J. Zhang, “Comparing modeled stream function, heat and freshwater content in the Arctic Ocean“, Ocean Modelling, 6, 265-284, 2004.

Stern, H.L.,’ North Pole’, Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Stern, H.L., 2005, United States of America, in Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Mark Nuttall, editor, Routledge, New York.

Stern, H.L.,’ Arctic circel’, Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Routledge, New York, 2004.

Stern, H.L., 2005, Theory of Concentric Spheres and Polar Voids, in Encyclopedia of the Arctic, Mark Nuttall, editor, Routledge, New York.

Winebrenner, D.P., E.J. Steig and D.P. Schneider,’ Temporal co-variation of surface and microwave brightness temperatures in Antarctica, with implications for the observation of surface-temperature variability using satellite data’, Ann. Glaciology, Vol. 39, 2004.

Yu, Y., G.A. Maykut, and D.A. Rothrock, “Changes in the thickness distribution of Arctic sea ice between 1958-1970 and 1993-1997“, J. Geophys. Res., P109, 10.1029/2003JC001982, 2004.

Zhang, J.L., M. Steele, D.A. Rothrock, and R.W. Lindsay, “Increasing exchanges at Greenland-Scotland Ridge and their links with the North Atlantic Oscillation and Arctic Sea Ice”, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L09307, 10.1029/2003GL019304, 2004.